Coriander is known as cilantro. It is called "Ebolo" in Yoruba. It is a vegetable, its dark green color makes it more attractive and appealing to eat. Coriander has its unique taste. All parts of the plant are edible, but the fresh leaves and the dried seeds are the parts most traditionally used in cooking. It has eleven components of essential oils, six types of acids (including ascorbic acid, better known as vitamin C), minerals and vitamins; each having a number of beneficial properties. Coriander leaves also contain small amounts of calcium, phosphorous, potassium, thiamin, niacin and carotene. Here are some of the awesome health benefits of coriander leaves: * Lowers Skin Inflammation Cineole, one of the 11 components of the essential oils, and linoleic acid are both present in coriander, and they possess antirheumatic and antiarthritic properties. They help reduce the swelling that is caused by these two conditions. For other swelling conditions, such as swelling due to kidney malfunction or anemia, it is also seen to be effective to some extent, because some of the components in coriander help induce urination and the release of excess water from the body. The reduction in skin inflammation leads to a reduction in discomfort and an improvement in the appearance of the skin. * Treats Skin Disorders The disinfectant, detoxifying, antiseptic, antifungal, and antioxidant properties of coriander are ideal for clearing up skin disorders such as eczema, dryness, and fungal infections. * Lowers Cholesterol Levels The acids present in coriander, like linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid and ascorbic acid (vitamin C) are very effective in reducing cholesterol levels in the blood. They also reduce the level of bad LDL cholesterol deposition along the inner walls of the arteries and veins, which can lead to serious cardiovascular issues like atherosclerosis, heart attacks, and strokes. More importantly, this herb helps to raise the levels of healthy HDL cholesterol, which works as a preventative line of defense against a number of dangerous conditions. * Treats Diarrhea The components of essential oils found in coriander such as borneol and linalool, aid digestion, proper functioning of the liver, and bonding of bowels, while also helping reduce diarrhea. It is also helpful in curing diarrhea caused by microbial and fungal action. * Regulates Blood Pressure Consuming coriander has been shown to positively reduce blood pressure in many patients suffering from hypertension. It enhances the interaction of calcium ions and acetylcholine, which is a neurotransmitter in the peripheral and central nervous system, and relaxes blood vessel tension; thereby reducing the chances of a number of cardiovascular conditions, including heart attacks and strokes. * Healing Mouth Ulcer Citronelol in coriander leaves acts as a good anti septic. They are effective for curing mouth ulcers. Coriander leaves make healing process faster and makes our breath fresher. Even though it is not mainstream, coriander leaves is used as toothpaste natural component. Far before toothpaste is found, coriander seed is used for reducing bad breath. * Prevents Anemia It is high in iron content, which directly helps people who suffer from anemia. Low iron content in the blood can result in shortness of breath, heart palpitations, extreme fatigue, and a decrease in cognitive functions. Iron also benefits proper functioning of other organ systems, increases energy and strength, and promotes bone health. * Anti-allergic Properties Multiple studies have shown coriander to have strong anti-histamine properties that can reduce the uncomfortable effects of seasonal allergies and hay fever (rhinitis). Its oil can also be used to reduce allergic reactions that are caused due to contact with plants, insects, food, and other substances. Internally, it can ward off anaphylaxis, hives, and dangerous swelling of the throat and glands. * Treats Conjunctivitis Coriander is a very good disinfectant and has antimicrobial properties that protect the eyes from contagious diseases like conjunctivitis. Coriander oil is one of the fundamental components of a number of eye care products. * Controls Diabetes Coriander leaves stimulate the endocrine gland, increasing insulin secretion from pancreas which finally increase the insulin in our blood. This process manages precise assimilation and absorbs sugar in our blood. This is beneficial for diabetes patients because their sugar level reduces and their body metabolism performs well. * Salmonella Protection Salmonella is one of the most dangerous causes of foodborne illnesses in the world. Coriander has unusually high levels of dodecenal, a natural compound that is actually twice as powerful an antibiotic as the leading treatment for salmonella-based illness. By adding it to your normal diet, you protect your body from horribly uncomfortable, and even fatal illnesses relating to these deadly bacteria. * Improves Bone Health Calcium and other essential minerals found in coriander are integral components of bone regrowth and durability, as well as in the prevention of osteoporosis. Adding even a small amount of coriander to your diet can help keep your bones healthy and strong for years to come. Calcium is particularly present in the center leaves of coriander, so aim for that part of the plant if bone health is your focus. * Aids in Digestion Coriander helps in the proper secretion of enzymes and digestive juices in the stomach; thereby, stimulates digestion and peristaltic motion. It is also helpful in treating anorexia. Besides the pleasant aroma of coriander, it has certain stimulatory qualities, derived from its minerals. Moreover, the neurotransmitters are stimulated when coriander is ingested. Studies have shown that indigestion is reduced if coriander is regularly added to the diet. * Cures Smallpox The essential oils in coriander are rich in antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-infectious, and detoxifying components and acids. The presence of vitamin C and iron strengthens the immune system as well. These properties help prevent and cure smallpox, and they can also reduce the pain and have a soothing effect on smallpox patients. * Prevents Menstrual Disorders Cilantro is a natural stimulant, and it regulates proper secretion from the endocrine glands, and this hormonal impact means that it helps regulate proper menstrual cycles and reduces the associated pain during a woman’s period. * Eye Care Coriander is loaded with antioxidants, vitamin A, vitamin C, and minerals like phosphorous, which prevent vision disorders, macular degeneration, and reduce strain and stress on the eyes. There is also beta-carotene in the leaves, which prevents a number of other diseases that affect the eye and can even reverse the effects of vision degradation in aging patients. One of the unusual side effects is that some patients complain of sunlight sensitivity and that excessive coriander intake makes them more susceptible to sunburn, which could subsequently lead to skin cancer over the long term. Pregnant women should not take coriander until more established research is done, although some women have claimed that it increases their production of breast milk flow. It is best to be safe, so speak with a doctor before adding coriander to your diet, and pay attention to the response your body generates!